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J. Ocean Eng. Technol. > Volume 25(3); 2011 > Article
J. Ocean Eng. Technol. 2011;25(3):53-65.    
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5574/KSOE.2011.25.3.053   

Plasticity and Fracture Behaviors of Marine Structural Steel, Part III: Experimental Study on Failure Strain
Choung Joon-Mo,Shim Chun-Sik,Kim Kyung-Su
Dep't of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering Inha University,Dep't of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Mokpo National University,Dep't of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering Inha University
조선 해양 구조물용 강재의 소성 및 파단 특성 III: 파단 변형률에 관한 실험적 연구
정준모,심천식,김경수
인하대학교 조선해양공학과,국립목포대학교 조선공학과,인하대학교 조선해양공학과
Copyright © 2011 The Korean Society of Ocean Engineers     Open access / Under a Creative Commons License
Key Words: Failure strain, Stress triaxiality, Average stress triaxiality, Equivalent plastic strain, Ductile fracture, Shear fracture
핵심용어: 파단 변형률, 응력 삼축비, 평균 응력 삼축비, 등가 소성 변형률, 연성 파단, 전단 파단
Abstract
This is the third of several companion papers dealing with the derivation of material constants for ductile failure criteria under hydrostatic stress. It was observed that the ultimate engineering stresses and elongations at fracture from tensile tests for round specimens with various notch radii tended to increase and decrease, respectively, because of the stress triaxiality. The engineering stress curves from tests are compared with numerical simulation results, and it is proved that the curves from the two approaches very closely coincide. Failure strains are obtained from the equivalent plastic strain histories from numerical simulations at the time when the experimental engineering stress drops suddenly. After introducing the new concept of average stress triaxiality and accumulated average strain energy, the material constants of the Johnson-Cook failure criterion for critical energies of 100%, 50%, and 15% are presented. The experimental results obtained for EH-36 steel were in relatively good agreement with the 100% critical energy, whereas the literature states that aluminum fits with a 15% critical energy. Therefore, it is expected that a unified failure criterion for critical energy, which is available for most kinds of ductile materials, can be provided according to the used materials.


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